IELTS Preparation Guide

IELTS leads as the global English Language test to assess eligibility for study, work and to immigrate, and we provide the best to help you attain your objectives.

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IELTS Schedule maker

Work hard and prepare to be rewarded

There are multiple approaches you can adopt to reach your goal of IELTS, which would give you that edge on your exam day. We have prepared an organized plan to guide you and increase your confidence and see your scores surge.

The initiation
Get yourself registered: You can find a test centre with our help that would be convenient for you Ascertain your requirement: You need to confirm this information with the target list of universities which we would help you with.

Work on your English Skills
Improving on your english skills increases your chances of suceeding on this exam. The following are the two proven way to achieve that improvement. An English Language Course: Starting with this gives you a strong foundation for your exam. Here, our expert faculty will help you work on the module specific techniques which are observed to work the best for Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking correctly. An IELTS specific course: The skills you acquired in the previous course would help you to get to know the tasks necessary in the exam. The course provided here has been recommended by the test organisers repeatedly

Surround yourself with the right Environment
To be the best at any craft, you need to make sure you get so good at it that you can not get it wrong. Listen: Get yourself accustomed to the way English is spoken in the podcasts, television and movies. Multiple accents from America, Australia, Britain, Canada and New Zealand would be foucsed on at the institure.

Read: Various periodicals and other publocations in the english language are available, which should be paid due importance to.
Write: Writing letters and emails in English apart from the daily digital communication helps one to get comfortable with this module.
Speak: Identify people from your friend circle and family with whome you can converse in English

Get acquainted with questions and sample answers
Real exam experience: The weekly exam provides you with the right amount of periodic analysis of your level Progress tracking: Apart from the official weekly mock test, you are provided with in-class module specific feedback for your improvement which ultimately adds up to your success Official Practice Material: Tried and tested tips recommended by the test organisers themselves are included in the material provided to you along with adequate practice for each module to satiate your desire to outperform yourself consistently

Penultimate Day before the test
Revise the regulatios: Go through the final instructions provided to you before wishing you well for the exam in a structured way to make sure you reach the centre with a fluid mindset
Transit: Make sure you are acquainted with the way to the exam centre well in advance so that you can focusing on relaxing physically and mentally the day before the exam

The Final Day

Allow buffer: It is always better to be before time if you can not make it on time always
Identification and stationary: Do not forget to grab your Passport while leaving and enter the exam hall with a deep breath and a smile on your face

IELTS Test Target Based Formats: IELTS General Training or IELTS Academic Have an understanding what format of the exam you require, before you move ahead with the booking. Two versions of the exam are available: Academic and the General Training Format. Whatever institute or organization you are targeting, explicitly mentions which is required by them for you to be eligible to apply there. While in some cases both modules are acceptable, it is always better to be clear on that subject. You can formally contact the organization or any other reliable source to make sure you are getting ready for the right thing. In both the Academic and the General Training versions, you would be evaluated based on all four of the language skills – Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking – Unless there is a clear exemption as per your University or a disability. Listening and Speaking is same for all the candidates. IELTS General Training and IELTS Academic module analyses your Reading and Writing skills in different ways.

IELTS ACADEMIC IELTS GENERAL TRAINING
Listening * (30 minutes)
• Four recording which could be a single person speaking or conversations
Listening * (30 minutes)
• Four recordings which could be from one speaker or multiple speakers
Reading (60 minutes)
• Three passages along with tasks
• The texts might include figures, graphs or other illustrative diagrams
• Texts are sourced from journals, magazines, periodicals or books
Reading (60 minutes)
• Section 1 consists two or three short fact-based pieces of text
• Section 2 has two professional texts which are still short
• Section 3 contains a longer passage which is based on a topic of awareness about the surroundings
• All the passages are from well-reputed sources and are in the form of notices, pamphlets, advertisements, company guidelines and other formal communication
Writing (60 minutes)
• The first task is to be written in 150 words and requires the candidate to describe a bar chart, pie chart or diagram which is labeled
• Second task is of 250 words which is a short essay
Writing (60 minutes)
• Here a letter is to be written in 150 words
• A short essay of 250 words is expected
Speaking *( 11-14 minutes)
• In-person interaction where there are no interruptions or background distractions
• It begins with some quick basic questions followed by speaking on a topic uninterrupted and ends with  a discussion which is structured
Speaking *( 11-14 minutes)
• In-person interaction where there are no interruptions or background distractions
• It begins with some quick basic questions followed by speaking on a topic uninterrupted and ends with  a discussion which is structured

*Speaking and Listening is similar for both versions of tests

The Scale for Band Score till 9 in IELTS:
Numbers from 1(lowest) to 9(maximum) are awarded to rate performance in all the skills of the language - Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking. All the parts of the exam are reported in halves or full bands (e.g. 7.5, 8.0, 6.0, 6.5, etc.)

LISTENING

Work hard and prepare to be rewarded

Format (30 Minutes)
This section is similar for both IELTS Academic and General Taking versions. Although there are four parts in the exam, you will hear the recording only once. Different voices and accents are used which are common with the native speakers.

Section 1: Two people having a conventional social conversation (e.g. renting an accommodation)
Section 2: A single person speaking in a day-to-day situation (e.g. a speech about local amenities or how to issue a book at the library)
Section 3: 2-4 people are having a conversation in an academic scenario or undergoing a training (e.g. discussion between students and their professors about the available subjects, or a group of people having a word about an assignment during a project)
Section 4: A lecture or a speech set up in a educational body

TIPS

1 Make a point to read all the questions in a section before the recording begins as it would help you to follow as the recording continues
2 Once you are done with one section, it is always advised to look forward at the next section and not be stuck on the last section
3 In case you have multiple options to choose from, be careful as the options might not be in the order they appear in the recording, but in alphabetical order.
4 Look out for any word limits. In case you asked to answer in not more than two words and you answer in more words than that, you would not get any marks even if some words are from the right answer.
5 Focus on synonyms (words having similar meaning) or paraphrasing (expressing the same information in different words) of the recordingor the question statements For instance, you might hear “She likes to eat out with her friends” and in your question statement, it might say “She prefers being with her friends”.

Different Question Types

Various kinds of questions are chosen to test your skills such as: multiple options, matching, diagram/map/process labeling, note/form/flowchart/summary completing tasks, completing a sentence

Multiple Choices

In this type, you would have a question which has three possibilities for the answers, or a partial sentence might be given which would have three possible endings. You need to choose one of the three from A, B and C. Further, you might need to choose more than one options from a list of possible answers, in which case you need to ascertain how many answers are required

Matching

A list of items is matched from the listening tape to the list in your question statement. It could be a criterion of a particular kind. A detailed understanding of special statements or a succinct understanding of the important points from the audio might be required. The skill which is evaluated here is the ability to listen and pay attention to details and if you are able to filter out useful information from a talk on a basic topic, such various kinds of classes or courses. It also checks the capability to analyze a set of dialogues and ability to establish relationship between facts in the audio.

Summary, flowchart, note, table, form completion

Blanks are to be completed in a part or overview of the listening text. The major facts or points are emphasized on in the text. It may be:

1 Notes: It relates different items to each other and is usually laid out to summarize information
2 Form: Fact based details such as phone numbers are recorded here
3 Flowchart: Arrows and a structured layout are used to summarize a process along with the directions
4 Table: In case of various alternatives, it is used to summarize the relevant facts about different alternatives

Answers might have to be selected from a given list or words might have to be selected from the audio being played, keeping in mind the given word limit. Here no changes in the words are to be made from the recording. Instructions must be read with due attention, as there might be variation in the words or numbers required. For example, ‘NO MORE THAN ONE WORD’ or ‘NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER’.

Labeling a plan, map or a diagram
Various markings on a plan (e.g. of an office), map (e.g. of a city) or diagram (e.g. of an instrument) are to be completed. The correct option are to be chosen from various options on the question paper. Here the ability to perceive and understand the audio and visual description of the information is tested. Directional words and relations are helpful to properly answer these questions (e.g. behind the building, adjoining to the mess, etc.). The constraint of the number of words is applicable here as well and contracted words are not evaluated while hyphenated words are counted as one word. This question type focuses on the natural ability to focus on crucial information and the ability to analyze it from the recording.

Sentence completion
This particular type requires the candidate to read a collection of sentences which summarizes the key information from the entire audio recording or a specific part. A gap is to be filled in each sentence on the basis of the information gathered from the audio. Mostly a word limit is mentioned such as, ‘NOT MORE THAN ONE WORD’. No marks are awarded if one exceeds the word limit and contracted words are not evaluated while hyphenated words are calculated as single words. Functional relationships must be understood well such as effects and solutions or causes and effects

Short-answer questions
Here the candidate is required to go through the question and write a answer from the information from the audio. Mostly a word limit is mentioned such as, ‘NOT MORE THAN ONE WORD’. No marks are awarded if one exceeds the word limit and contracted words are not evaluated while hyphenated words are calculated as single words. These questions focus on hard facts such as prices, time durations, names of places, etc.

Summary, flowchart, note, table, form completion


Question types and strategy Reading format : IELTS Academic, 60 minutes Three sections are present with one long text in each

Reputed sources are used to find these texts including books, newspapers and magazines. No specialization in these fields are required as they are meant for the general audience and having special knowledge does not make one better equipped to answer these. Candidates are tested for the level of someone who is about to enter their graduate level or post graduate level or even applying for a registration in the professional field. Texts can be analytical, discursive or descriptive. Non-Verbal material such as diagrams, graphs, etc. might be present and in the case of technical vocabulary, a glossary is present.

Reading test for General Training (60 minutes)
Section 1 consists of two or three short fact-based pieces of text which may contain 6-8 paragraphs of 2-3 lines each all related to the same topic such as buying a car. Relevant topics from an English-speaking country are included here.
Section 2 has two professional texts which are still short( for e.g. application to various positions, working conditions, workplace amenities, staff betterment and training)
Section 3 contains a longer passage which is based on a topic of awareness about the surroundings. This could be a complex text from notices, company policies, official reports, books, newspapers and magazines

Strategy Points


1 Reading a variety of English texts from literature and reporting can help to increase the speed of reading
2 Before reading the passages, read each question carefully.
This will make finding the answers easier for you. Possible answers as you go underscore. You can highlight or make notes on a section of text in computer delivered IELTS.
03 Read it quickly for the first time when you come to read the passage to get a general idea of what it is about. Don't think about words that you don't understand. Then read each question again to recall which parts of the passage you need to read in depth again.
04 Passages in Reading always include the information you need to answer the question. You're not going to have to use your own subject knowledge.
05 Note that your spelling must be correct when you copy words from a question or read passage to use in your response.
You can use Copy (Ctrl C) and Paste (Ctrl V) on your keyboard in computer-delivered IELTS to move your answers to the response box, reducing the room for errors.

Types of Questions


A number of query types can be used, selected from the following: multiple choice, identification of data, identification of views / claims of the author, matching details, matching headings, matching attributes, matching ends of the sentence, completion of the paragraph, completion of the description, completion of the note, completion of the list, completion of the flowchart, completion of the diagram mark and questions of short answer.

Multiple choice


You need to choose for this type of question:
• The best answer from four alternatives, or
• The best two answers from five alternatives, or
• The best three from seven alternatives.
The questions include completing a sentence where the first part of a sentence is given to you and then choosing the best way to complete it from the options orthere may be complete questions where you will be asked to choose the best answer option. The questions are in the same order as the details in the reading text: that is, before answering the second question, the answer to the first question in this question category will be in the text, and so on.

Identifying information


You will receive a number of statements in this question type and you will be asked: "Do the following statements agree with the information in the text?”. You will then have to write in the answer boxes ' True, ' ' False ' or ' Not given.

The difference between ' False ' and ' Not given ' is important to understand. ' False ' means the opposite of the statement in question in the passage. ' Not given ' means that the passage information does not confirm or contradict the statement.

Identifying writer’s views/claims


Amount of statements and asked: ' Do the writer's views / claims fit with the following statements? '. Then you choose ' Yes, ' ' No ' or ' Not given.
Knowing the difference between ' No' and ' Not given ' is crucial.

• ' No ' means that the writer's views or claims expressly disagree with the statement, i.e. the writer expresses the views or claims somewhere that are contrary to the views of the writer in question.
• ' Not given ' means that there is no confirmation or contradiction of the view or claim.
When deciding on your answers, any knowledge you bring from outside the passage should not play a role.
This type of question tests the ability to recognize viewpoints or concepts and is often used with discursive or argumentative texts.

Matching information


In this type of question, you must: • locate specific information within a text's lettered paragraphs / sections, and • select the letters of the appropriate paragraphs / sections in the response chapter.

Specific details, an example, a cause, a description, a reference, a summary or an explanation can be found.

You won't necessarily need to find information in each paragraph / section of the text, but you may need to locate more than one piece of information in a single paragraph / section.
This type of question can be used with any text because it tests a wide range of reading skills, from finding details to acknowledging a summary or definition
Matching data tests the ability to scan common words and phrases

Matching headings


In this type of question, a list of headings is given to you. A heading will refer to the paragraph or text section's main idea. Then you'll be asked to match the heading to the right paragraphs or sections. There will always be more headings than paragraphs or sections, so there will be no use of some headings.

Matching headings can test the ability in the paragraphs or parts of a text to identify the main idea or theme, and to differentiate main ideas from those that endorse them.

Matching features


You need to match a set of statements or pieces of information to a list of options for this type of question. The choices are a collection of text features and are defined by letters.

For example, you may be required to match different research findings to a list of researchers, or characteristics to age groups, events to historical periods, etc. Some options may not be used, and others may be used more than once. The instructions will tell you if more than once options can be used.

Matching apps should test your ability to recognize the relationships and similarities between the facts in the text and your ability to recognize views and theories. It can be used for factual information and discursive texts based on opinion. To find the required information and read for specifics, you will need to be able to skim and search the text.

Matching sentence endings


In this type of question, you are given the first half of a sentence based on reading text and asked to choose from a list of possible options the best way to complete it. There will be more choices than there are questions to choose from. Then you'll have to choose the right option to complete the sentence. The questions in the passage are in the same order as the information:

That is, the first question in this class will be answered before the second question is answered, and so on.
Matching the ends of the sentence will test the capacity within a sentence to grasp the main ideas.

Sentence completion


You must complete sentences in a given number of words from the reading text in this form of question. You have to type in the answer box. Mostly a word limit is mentioned such as, ‘NOT MORE THAN ONE WORD’. No marks are awarded if one exceeds the word limit and contracted words are not evaluated while hyphenated words are calculated as single words.

You'll lose marks if you write more than the number of words you've asked for. Using figures or words, numbers can be written.

Words of hyphenation count as single words.
The questions are in the same order as the passage information: that is, before answering the second question, the answer to the first question will be found in this group, and so on.
Matching sentence endings assesses how detailed / specific information can be found Description, note, table, completion of flowchart

In this particular type, you are provided with a summary from the section of the passage and you need to find information from the text and fill the blanks. More often than not the summary is of certain part of the passage instead of the whole passage.

Information may be encountered in the form of:


• Interlinked sentences from the passage ( may be in the form of a summary)
• Various notes (called notes)
• A table with various blank cells or partially blank cells (called a table)
• A collection of boxes which are marked with arrows to show a progression of steps which are entirely or partially empty (called a flowchart).

The answers might not be in the order as they appear in the text, although, they are from a single section rather than all the sections of the text.

You might encounter two kinds of questions here:


1. You might have to choose words from the passage
2. You might have to select the correct answer from a list

In case the words are to be chosen, it would be made clear that how many words need to be picked up Mostly a word limit is mentioned such as, ‘NOT MORE THAN ONE WORD’. No marks are awarded if one exceeds the word limit and contracted words are not evaluated while hyphenated words are calculated as single words

Number can either be written using numerical or in words and hyphenated words are counted as single words.
Mostly, if a list of answers is provided, they majorly consist of a single word. Since this type is mostly based on facts and data from the passage, it is usually used with texts which are descriptive.
Summarizing tests the ability to understand a text section's information and/or main ideas. You will need to be aware of the type of word(s) that will fit into a given gap in the variations that involve a summary or notes (for example, whether a noun is needed, or a verb, etc.).

Completion of a Diagram Label


In this question type, you are required to complete labels on a diagram, which relates to a description contained in the text. The instructions will make it clear how many words/numbers test takers should use in their answersMostly a word limit is mentioned such as, ‘NOT MORE THAN ONE WORD’. No marks are awarded if one exceeds the word limit and contracted words are not evaluated while hyphenated words are calculated as single words.

You'll lose marks if you write more than the number of words you've asked for. It is possible to write numbers using statistics or phrases.

Words of hyphenation count as single words.

The responses do not necessarily occur in the passage in order. They usually come from one section instead of the whole text, though. The diagram may consist of some type of machine, or parts of a building, or any other element that may be pictorially represented. This type of task is often used with process descriptive texts or text descriptions.

You may answer questions in this type of question that generally refer to accurate detail data in the article. This is most likely to be used with a document containing a lot of accurate and detailed information.

You then have to translate the responses into words and numbers using text language.Mostly a word limit is mentioned such as, ‘NOT MORE THAN ONE WORD’. No marks are awarded if one exceeds the word limit and contracted words are not evaluated while hyphenated words are calculated as single words. Using figures or terms, numbers can be written. Terms with hyphenation count as single words. The questions in the text are in the same order as the information.
Short-answer questions will test your ability to locate accurate information in the document and comprehend it.

Question Types and Strategy


Writing test format: IELTS Academic, 60 minutes
Academic, semiformal and neutral type replies to Task 1 and Task 2 should be written

TASK 1: A map, column, chart and diagram will be given to you and you will be asked to interpret and describe the data in your own language. You may be asked to pick and compare data, explain the process steps, describe an object, or how it operates.
TASK 2: In answer to a point of view, statement or question, you are asked to write an essay. Task 2 adds to the Writing score twice as much as Task 1 does. The issues raised are of general interest for test takers joining undergraduate and postgraduate studies and applying for academic certification and are appropriate for and easily understood.

Writing test format: IELTS Academic, 60 minutes


There are two components which are based on subjects of general interest
Academic, semiformal and neutral type replies to Task 1 and Task 2 should be written

Task 1: A situation is addressed to you and you are asked to write a letter asking for information and describing the situation. The letter may be in style private, semi-formal, or formal.
Task 2: In response to a point of view, statement or question, you are asked to write an essay. The essay may be less formal in style than the essay Academic Writing Task 2 with a more personal response. Task 2 adds to the Writing score twice as much as Task 1 does.
01 There are no right or wrong answers or opinions in your Writing Test. The examiners evaluate how well you can use your English to report and express ideas.
02 In order to ensure that your answer addresses all the issues covered by the question, analyze the questions carefully.
03 Remember the limit of the minimum term. When you write for Task 1 fewer than 150 words and 250 words for Task 2, you're going to lose points. The screen displays the word count automatically in computer-delivered IELTS.
04 Be sure to use your own words, as the evaluator will not include in the word count words copied from the query.
05 Both responses must be written in full, not in note form or in bullet points. In paragraphs, you need to arrange your ideas to show the examiner that you can organize your main and supporting points.

TYPES OF QUESTIONS


WRITING TASK-1
IELTS Academic Writing Task 1

Length: At least 150 words. Time: 20 minutes should be spent on this task.
Facts and statistics from visual data are summarised
If you are doing the Academic Exam, your first task may be to write a document that highlights the most important and relevant data or patterns using the facts or figures shown in a map, graph, table or mixture of such graphs.
You may also be given a machine, device or process diagram instead and need to explain how it works.
Some illustrations that may feature on the test are two maps and functional sketches of an environment at different times which display changes that have occurred. Certain images that may feature on the examination are two maps and architectural sketches of a region at different times that indicate changes that have occurred. The major changes and distinctions between them will need to be explained.
The key to successfully responding to any of these Task 1 visuals is to show that by identifying the main trends, major parts or stages and/or significant differences that are evident in the graphic you understand the big picture. Therefore, instead of presenting all the details manually, pick and comment on the most important and relevant things that occur.
As you can probably guess, in the various graphics that shows on the screen, there are specific types of data that you should be searching for. Here is a more detailed breakdown of query forms with some suggestions for each of them to be understood and answered.

Charts, graphs and tables


WRITING TASK-1
IELTS Academic Writing Task 1

In general, charts, graphs or tables can either view data correlations at one time or compare data over a fixed time span. You will need to show that you understand exactly what data is about when you report on a graph. Using this example, you can see a comparison of the percentage of men and women living in poverty in the United States in 2008 in 10 different age groups.
In addition to providing a general summary of what the data shows about men and women in poverty at this time and in this place (more women were in poverty than men of all ages with lower rates for men and women in the middle ages), you should note any exceptional highs (the highest rates were below 5 years of age for men and women at 20% and 21% respectively) And falls for every one (men's lowest poverty rate for those aged 75 and over were just over 5%, and women were about 9% between the ages of 45-54).
Check also at correlations (higher poverty rates for men and women were below 24 years of age) and/or disparities (females had higher poverty rates overall, particularly those over 75 years of age) and information that stands out as remarkable (higher poverty rates for women aged 18-24 and 75).

IELTS Academic Writing Task 2


Length: At least 250 words. Time: Around 40 minutes should be spent on this task

Writing an essay If you do the academic exam, an argument or hypothesis about a subject will be posed to you and you will be asked to respond to it in some way.
Your response to the question is going to be one of different ways. You may be asked to answer by: • agree or disagree• address two opposing views • talk about whether the positives of a certain design outweigh the drawbacks• describe a particular problem or cause the problem and provide remedies.
Organisation
You need to organize your answer into an essay. There are several paragraphs in the essays.
The first paragraph should introduce the topic, your main idea (thesis) and outline in general how you are proposing to present your argument or discussion.
The body or middle paragraphs with explanations and examples to support them are divided into separate points.
The essay ends with a conclusion summarizing your points and bringing to a reasoned conclusion your arguments or discussion.
Plan to compose four to six paragraphs including an introduction and a conclusion. Note that you only have 40 minutes to write the essay because in the 60 minutes you are given for this part of the exam you also need to finish the Task 1 report.

Completely answering the essay


It is very important that you carefully read and respond to the requirement. You will lower your score if you complete only part of the mission. Here are some examples of some of the different types of essays and a description of what needs to be dealt with in each.

Agree/Disagree


Many critics believe it is wrong for professional athletes to compete in the Olympics because they are given an unfair advantage over the other competitors by their strong financial support and training. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Look carefully and you will see that if you want your answer to be accurate, there are two assumptions that you will need to tackle. If you look at them as questions, it is better to see them:
• Due to financial support and training, do professional athletes have an unfair advantage over other Olympic athletes?
• Is this the reason why professionals are wrong to compete in the Olympics?
NOTE: You can agree with each other and disagree with each other.
For example, you might say you agree they have an edge, but in certain situations it's not right for them to succeed.

Discussion


Successful sports professionals in other important professions can earn much more money than people.
Some people believe that this is fully justified, while others believe that it is unfair.
Address and give your opinion on both of these opinions. In this prompt, there are three parts you need to address:
• Why do some think it is justifiable for sports professionals to earn much more money than others?
• Why do others think that making those earnings is not justifiable?
• What do you think about this?

Problem / solution


Here are two separate types of commonly occurring problem papers.
You are usually given the questions related to these instructions, so it is easy to see that there are two pieces that need to be dealt with.
Nevertheless, the plurals (reasons, challenges and solutions) should be considered. If you are shooting for a high score, make sure to pay attention to these directions and provide more than one explanation, problem or answer.
• There are increasing numbers of wild animals on the verge of extinction and others on the endangered list. What are the reasons? What can this problem be solved?
• Increasing numbers of professionals are leaving their own poorer countries to work in developed countries, such as doctors and teachers. What are the problems that cause this? What solutions can you propose to address this situation?

Advantages vs. Disadvantages


Here are two possible question formats about advantages and disadvantages that you could see.
A) Is there more advantages or more disadvantages to this trend?
B) Do the benefits outweigh the drawbacks?
Whether you are asked (a) or (b) above, you need to weigh both the advantages and disadvantages to be able to respond fully.
You can write on more than one hand, particularly if you have a strong opinion that goes one direction. Nevertheless, in these types of questions a one-sided argument is not complete and if you fail to consider the advantages and disadvantages, you will lower your score.

IELTS General Training Writing Task 1


Length: At least 150 words are required. Time: 20 minutes should be spent on this task.
For a specific purpose, write a short letter
Task 1 is a letter of communication in the General Training Writing section where you illustrate your ability to communicate using English letter-writing conventions.
You will be offered a common everyday situation such as writing to apologize for attending a friend's party, or moaning about bad service to a client, writing to give a friend advice on where to go on vacation, or writing to show your interest in a new career.
Besides the scenario, three bullet points out exactly what information you need to include in your message. Of example, you might need to explain specifics, give reasons, share your likes and dislikes, or make suggestions or recommendations.
In your message, you will need to pick and use the correct tone. Tone is the way you communicate with people which demonstrates how you respond to them. It is clearly indicated in letters by a correct greeting or closure and should also be conveyed by the choice of words or phrases as well as the form or quantity of information that you provide.
In your message, you will need to pick and use the correct tone. Tone is the way you communicate with people which demonstrates how you respond to them. It is clearly indicated in letters by a correct greeting or closure and should also be conveyed by the choice of words or phrases as well as the form or quantity of information that you provide.
Different relationships require different levels of respect that are also likely to be true in your language. Usually, IELTS letters are either formal or in tone informal. Generally speaking, if the letter is to friends, people you know well, or family, and the reason is positive, the tone is informal.
Letters to everyone else should be more formal for all complaints and negative messages.
Here are samples of the two main types of letters that may appear on the test and suggestions on how to establish tone for each. You live in a school space that you share with another student in the formal letter. With this system, though, there are many issues and you find it very hard to work.
Write a letter to the college's accommodation officer.
• Describe the situation in the letter
• explain your problems and why it's hard to work
• tell what type of accommodation you would prefer
Start the letter as follows: dear sir or madam, when you get the greeting of "Dear sir or madam," a key indicator of a formal letter is that you don't know the person to whom you write. Some tips for creating and maintaining a professional voice in your letter are as follows:

Openings and closings:


• Start with: dear sir or madam, or dear sir Smith, or dear madam Jones
• Finish with: faithfully and truly yours
Use polite, formal language and DO NOT USE CONTRACTIONS OR SHORT FORMS: “I am writing to thank you. “I apologise for missing the birthday celebration. “I would like some more information about.”Would it be possible for us to meet?”
A buddy has agreed to take take care of your home and dog while you're on leave. Send your friend a note.
• Provide contact details when you're gone,
• give instructions on how to take care of your pet
• identify other household duties.
Continue the letter as follows: Dear.
Note that, unlike the previous task sample, you have to choose the greeting. This doesn't mean it's an open email necessarily. You should look at who you write to and why.
This example is a letter to a friend and the circumstance is constructive (not a complaint or a serious apology), so it is appropriate to use a casual voice.
IELTS General Training Writing Task 2 Length: At least 250 words must be written. Time: About 40 minutes could be spent on this task.
Writing an essay Essays in the General Training Assessment are about subjects of general interest such as whether home school children should be better served, whether the drinking age should be lifted, who is responsible for the care of the aged, or how families might be brought closer together.
You may be asked to agree or disagree with a comment about a subject, or you may be asked to answer one or two questions about the topic. Of example, considering the argument that families are not as close as they were in the past, you may be asked to answer the following questions: Why do you believe this is so?

What can be done to re-connect families?


Organization An article by IELTS is usually made up of 4 – 6 sentences. The first section introduces the essay's theme and what you want to learn about it. The last paragraph summarizes your point and reaffirms your key findings on this issue.
The body and middle paragraphs must reply with a clear explanation for your answer and explanations to illustrate your reasoning to the main questions you listed in the task. You would know exactly what to say in these body paragraphs if you have studied the function before you read.
The example below will explain why.
Analysing the task of the essay helps you by highlighting key words to look carefully at the prompt. Then identify exactly what you are asked to do with the questions. For example: Younger family members have traditionally worked with and cared for the elderly. More and more elderly people live in special homes for the elderly in modern society. Why do you think that families choose to live in separate homes away from the family with their elderly relatives?
What do you think is the best way to care for their elderly relatives for modern families?

There are two aspects to this essay:


1. Explain why modern families are sending back their elderly relatives to live in special homes.
2. Ask if you think it's better for elderly parents to be taken care of at home or sent away by younger family members or if you have an even better alternative.
If you don't answer any of these questions, your score will be lowered
You can use a section to respond to every aspect of your essay's body. Note that if, for example, you had two very good reasons why families send their relatives away, you could devote a paragraph to each of them that would allow you to provide additional extension and support.
High-level essays do not simply list possible responses; they make a few good points and give reasons and examples to support them.
Here is an example of a successful development of a concept. This is a section of the sample body that may appear in an article to answer the first question.
Modern families often have no time or energy at home to care for the elderly. People have demanding jobs in most places today and can hardly take care of themselves, let alone an older relative who may be sick or ill. In most countries, special ageing facilities are designed to take care of the needs of those with medical problems related to growing older and provide healthy activities and social interaction to the elderly who might otherwise be sitting alone at home while their younger relatives are out of work.This is why some families feel that their relatives live in these care centres healthier and happier.
Note that the paragraph starts with the answer to the question, followed by a further clarification, an example, and a final sentence.

Speaking test Tips and Strategy


The Speaking assessment is a brief, face-to-face interview with an interviewer ranging from 11 to 14 minutes.
Three pieces have to be completed and they are gradually becoming more difficult.
Part 1: Introduction and questions on familiar topics Duration: 4-5 minutes The examiner will begin by introducing him or herself and asking you to indicate your name and show your identification.
Next, general questions about yourself like where you live or what you're doing (working or studying) will be asked.
The remaining questions in this section are of a personal nature, and subjects such as the music you like, cooking, weather, or movies you watch will be familiar with. You usually cover one or two more subjects and you may have two or three questions about each.

Strategy in Part 1


Use various verb tenses and forms to answer questions.
If you listen carefully to what the examiner asks, using the correct pressure, it will help you formulate your response
If you're asked: when you were a kid, did you like the same movies?
You might say: "I liked cartoons more when I was a child because..."
• Don't give one or two answers to the expression. Give one or two sentences at least. This is your opportunity to show off your English and it won't help your score by holding back.
• Prepare your job, education, home, hobbies, environment, etc. vocabulary for this chapter
Part 2: Individual long turn Length: 3-4 minutes After Part 1, the interviewer will send you a subject and ask you to discuss it for 1-2 minutes.
You will be given the subject on a card and a piece of paper and a pencil for making notes will be given to you as well.
You will see the speaking prompt on the card and you can cover some of the points in your talk about it. Until you talk, you'll have exactly one minute to plan and make notes.
Here's a sample part 2 task: describe your city's beautiful place to visit.
You should say:
• Where it is
• How to get there
• What to do when you're there and explain why this place is recommended.
You will be asked to start after the one-minute preparation and the examiner will listen to you for two minutes.
They may ask you a few follow-up questions when it's time to go to the next section.

Strategy for doing well in Part 2


• Please take notes! Your initial thoughts will help you remember what you've got to say
• Try to arrange your conversation with a simple beginning, middle and end
If you're asked: when you were a kid, did you like the same movies?
To form an introductory sentence, you can use keywords from the prompt: For example, take the words "beautiful place" "visit" and "city" from the above prompt and begin your conversation with: "I would like to speak to you today about an area of my city that everyone should see because its beauty is exceptional." Then use the three bullet points to help you organize the middle of your conversation and finish by describing why this is the location that you recommend most.
• Extend with some information every part of your response. You have two minutes to fill in and you need to prove you can build on a subject and use a range of words, grammatical structures and vocabulary.
• Use two minutes to complete. Practice thinking about a subject for two minutes in front of a mirror so you get a sense of timing.

Part 3: Dialogue Length: 4–5 minutes


In Part 3, the questions will be loosely linked to the topic you mentioned in Part 2. As you go along, they'll become more complex and abstract. You will need to be able to express and justify your opinions on specific topics, analyse, discuss and speculate.
If your talk was about a beautiful place to visit in your city, this section would start by talking about beautiful places and the first question might be, "Do you think it's important to keep beautiful places in town?"In this chapter, the interviewer may speak more with you and will question your opinions to see how well you can talk about abstract ideas versus personal ideas.
Tips for doing well in Part 3:
Support your answers and extend them. Clearly state your views and give examples and reasoning as you speak.
You don't have to believe your view, or maybe you don't have one, so turn to what you think others say about the topic and build a line of reasoning.
The more you speak, the more you demonstrate how to communicate with English.
Support your answers and extend them. Clearly state your views and give examples and reasoning as you speak.
You don't have to believe your opinion, or maybe you don't have one, so turn to what you think others say about the topic and build a line of reasoning.
The more you speak, the more you demonstrate how to communicate in English
• Do not take long breaks. Its okay to stop thinking, but without speaking, don't let too much time pass.
It's great to have some filler or phrases that will give you time to respond. Phrases like, "That's a great question..." "Where should I start, let me see..." "I need a few seconds to think about it, but..."
• Ask for clarity. Be sure to understand before answering the question so that your response is correct. Something like — "I'm sorry, can you repeat that, please?" If I understand you correctly, you'd like to know ... "or" You mean ...?
• Paraphrase and clarify what you're trying to say rather than give up if you're missing a word in English. For example, if you forget the word for "iron," you might say, "the tool you use to remove the wrinkles from your clothes, you know, it heats up and you press it on the material, oh yes, it's called an iron." You will be praised for seeking ways to express your feelings rather than your emotions

Some last minutes tips to help you on the exam day


Know what to expect in your best performance.
Here's some helpful tips to help you understand how you're running a test day — so you can get ready and focus on achieving your goal.
Arriving early is a great way to get prepared for the day's performance. Remember that you need to allow time for registration, check in your belongings, and sit for the test — so double check your confirmation of booking for timing and plan to arrive early.
Check in your personal items
Before you can reach the test area, all your personal items must be checked in. This includes all mobile phones, wrist watches, and computers for handheld use, headphones, cameras, hats, scarves, wallets, books, notes and food. Our staff will collect all your belongings and store them safely in secure lockers, unless you need them specifically for religious reasons.
ID check
Once you arrive on the test day, test center workers will welcome you to check your ID.
Please check that your Identification:
• is the same ID that you used when booking your test
• is current and correct
• has a recognizable image of yourself Before entering the test area, your finger will be checked to verify your identity as part of our standard security procedure.
Enter the test room
When you enter the test room, you will be guided to your seat by an IELTS test invigilator.
You can bring a drink of water in a transparent bottle, but you can't speak to other test takers or write notes because it's a test environment. If you have a question, raise your hand and you will be answered by someone.
Breaks
If during the exam you need to go to the toilet, raise your hand and you will be helped by a staff member. Please note that while the test supervisor gives orders, no one can leave the room as we don't want you to miss any important test data.
If you have a question
In case of a query (e.g. when you think you've received the wrong sheet, you can't hear the directions, or you're feeling ill) raise your hand to attract the attention of the invigilator.
Compliments to the end of the test— you have finished your test! Everybody needs to stay in their seat for the entire duration of the exam, so if you finish early make the most of your time and check your answers until everyone is told to leave by the test invigilator.
Please leave any notes and materials on your desk from the test and remember to collect your items before you leave.
Getting your results
You can view your test results online as soon as they are available
Your results are available within:
• 5-7 days for IELTS delivered by computer
• 13 days for IELTS based on paper.
You can receive your Test Result Form from the test centre, which is the official transcript of your result, or have it sent to you directly, depending on what you stated when you registered for the test.
Receiving your results
You will receive a score for each of the four skills (Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking) as well as an overall band score.
Your Test Report Form is the official record of your test day results, so make sure you keep it clean. When due to unforeseen circumstances you need a substitute, talk to your test centre.
You can request copies of your Test Result Form to be sent directly by application to up to five recognizing organizations. It covers academic institutions, government agencies, employers and professional bodies. It does not include agents of migration or training.
We know you've got a lot of riding on your IELTS test, so you can preview your results online as soon as they're available.Please note that you should only use this online preview for guidance. Your Test Report Form is the official confirmation of your performance, and you will need to provide it to accepting organizations.
Your scores explained and advice to improve your scores
You'll also get advice on how to improve your results to hit the next stage. This advice should only be used as guidance.
Retaking IELTS
You can take the test again in case you don't get the result you're hoping for, and there are no restrictions on how many times you can sit the test. It may be helpful to take some extra steps to make sure you are ready before resitting IELTS.
IELTS Progress Check is an official practice test that gives your performance an indicative band score and personalized feedback.
You can also look at the marking criteria in more detail in order to know what you are aiming for. Our preparation planner for IELTS offers a range of tips to improve your skills and increase your score.
Results validity period
Companies decide how long the Test Report Form will be approved.
The IELTS Test Partners suggest that you work with your company to assess its unique IELTS results validity period.
Results inquiry
If you are unhappy with your test result, you can apply at the centre where you took the test for a re-mark (Results inquiry). You have to apply for a re-mark for up to six weeks and you can choose which sections of the test will be reviewed. There is a fee for this service, but if your score is increased in any section, that fee will be refunded. Appendix — Assessment criteria for each band score